Jesus pronounced doom upon the inhabitants of the cities who rejected His message. But it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment than for you.And you, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, will be thrust down to Hades." (Luke -15).The city was important enough to have a tax office, over which Matthew had presided (Matt. A detachment of Roman soldiers was stationed in the town.The greatest roads of the ancient world passed through Galilee.The Via Maris led from Damascus through Galilee down to Egypt.The Road to the East led through Galilee away out to the frontiers. It was not without reason that the Lord had indicated to Abraham that he must settle on this narrow strip of land that joined three continents.
It was at Capernaum that Jesus paid the temple tax by having Peter "go to the sea, cast in a hook, and take the fish that comes up first.The history of that house where Jesus lived, can be summarized as follows: (1) the house was built in the Late Hellenistic period; (2) in the late first century A. Peter is based on the combination of archaeological data and literary sources which run side by side in a wonderful way." (Stanislao Loffreda, Recovering Capernaum, p. Just north of the synagogue is a Roman milestone from the time of Hadrian which was discovered in 1975.Other items of interest at Capernaum include an oil press, a flour mill and a wine press."And leaving Nazareth, He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying: 'The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles: the people who sat in darkness saw a great light, and upon those who sat in the region and shadow of death light has dawned.'" (Matt. Prior to His ascension back into heaven, Jesus gave the Great Commission after "eleven disciples went away into Galilee, to the mountain which Jesus had appointed for them" (Matt. Five men from Capernaum (Peter, Andrew, James, John and Matthew) were called by the Lord to be His apostles.Jesus had often stayed in Peter's house in Capernaum and preached in the synagogue there which had been built by a Roman centurion (Luke 7:5).